What is the atomic mass of plutonium-239?

What is the atomic mass of plutonium-239?


PubChem CID 61782
Structure Find Similar Structures
Molecular Formula Pu
Synonyms PLUTONIUM-239 UNII-ET2Z8EJJ1X 15117-48-3 ET2Z8EJJ1X 239Pu More…
Molecular Weight 239.05216

What is the critical mass of plutonium-239?

approximately 10 kg
The critical mass of a bare sphere of uranium-235 at normal density is approximately 47 kg (104 pounds); for plutonium-239, critical mass is approximately 10 kg (22 pounds).

What is the atomic mass for plutonium?

244 uPlutonium / Atomic mass

How much plutonium is in an atom bomb?

Typically in a modern weapon, the weapon’s pit contains 3.5 to 4.5 kilograms (7.7 to 9.9 lb) of plutonium and at detonation produces approximately 5 to 10 kilotonnes of TNT (21 to 42 TJ) yield, representing the fissioning of approximately 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb) of plutonium.

What is plutonium bomb?

Definitions of plutonium bomb. a nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium 235 or plutonium 239) synonyms: A-bomb, atom bomb, atomic bomb, fission bomb. types: clean bomb.

How much does plutonium-239 cost?

“The price for plutonium-239 quoted on p. 155, US$5.24 per milligram, seems to imply that the plutonium for a critical mass of about 6 kg costs about 31 million dollars.”

What is the weight of nuclear bomb?

Nuclear bombs have had yields between 10 tons TNT (the W54) and 50 megatons for the Tsar Bomba (see TNT equivalent). A thermonuclear weapon weighing as little as 600 pounds (270 kg) can release energy equal to more than 1.2 megatonnes of TNT (5.0 PJ).

How much uranium does it take to make a nuclear bomb?

According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nuclear bomb needs about 33 pounds (15 kilograms) of enriched uranium to be operational. The bulkiness of other bomb materials also make it harder to apply the technology to existing long-range missile systems.

Why is plutonium 239 important?

Plutonium-239 is used to make nuclear weapons. Pu-239 and Pu-240 are byproducts of nuclear reactor operations and nuclear bomb explosions.

Which is better uranium-235 or plutonium-239?

Plutonium 239 happens to be even better at fissioning than uranium 235, but this fissioning reduces the plutonium content of the fuel.

How much does 1kg of uranium cost?

US $130/kg U category, and there are others that because of great depth, or remote location, might also cost over US $130/kg. Also, very large amounts of uranium are known to be distributed at very low grade in several areas.

Can I buy plutonium?

Go to CoinMarketCap and search for Plutonium. Tap on the button labeled “Market” near the price chart. In this view, you will see a complete list of places you can purchase Plutonium as well as the currencies you can use to obtain it. Under “Pairs” you’ll see the shorthand for Plutonium, PLN, plus a second currency.

How many kg of uranium does a nuclear bomb have?

According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nuclear bomb needs about 33 pounds (15 kilograms) of enriched uranium to be operational.

How many grams of uranium does Hiroshima bomb have?

About 64 kilograms of highly-enriched uranium was used in the bomb which had a 16 kiloton yield (i.e. it was equivalent to 16,000 tonnes of TNT). It was released over Hiroshima, Japan’s seventh largest city, on 6 August 1945.

What is the smallest nuclear bomb possible?

W54 warhead
Due to its oblong shape, some soldiers referred to the projectile as the “atomic watermelon.” The M388 carried the W54 warhead, the smallest nuclear weapon deployed by U.S. armed forces. The W54 weighed fifty-one pounds and had an explosive yield of . 01-.

Is plutonium-239 stable?

Plutonium is not a stable element. As plutonium decays, it releases radiation and forms decay products. For example, the decay products of plutonium-238 and plutonium-239 are uranium- 234 and uranium-235. The decay process continues until a stable, non-radioactive decay product is formed.

Is uranium expensive than gold?

Weapons-grade enriched uranium, of which uranium-235 comprises at least 93%, , is much cheaper, though twice as expensive as gold – around 100,000$ per kilogram. Once again, this is the production cost, as the material is under strict control, and a private person or commercial entity cannot obtain it freely.

Can you legally buy uranium?

Ordering Uranium or Thorium Compounds By regulation, the general public is allowed to order these materials without possessing a radioactive materials license, so vendors will sell these compounds directly to any customer.

What is the cost of 1 kg of uranium?

The uranium was valued at Rs 3 crore per kg.

How heavy is a 1 megaton nuclear bomb?

nuclear weapon yields … words kiloton (1,000 tons) and megaton (1,000,000 tons) to describe their blast energy in equivalent weights of the conventional chemical explosive TNT.