What API is heavy oil?

What API is heavy oil?

A medium crude is in the 25-35 API range, and a heavy crude is in the 15-25 API range. Anything below 15 API would be considered an extra-heavy crude.

How do I convert API to PPG?

The formula for API gravity is API = (141.5/SG) -131.5 where SG is the specific gravity of the petroleum liquid being measured. For example, for an API gravity of 50, add 131.5 to obtain 181.5. Divide 141.5 by (131.5 + API gravity) to obtain the specific gravity of the oil.

What is the API of WTI crude?

approximately 40
West Texas Intermediate, the US benchmark crude oil, is a light, sweet crude oil with an API gravity of approximately 40 and a sulfur content of approximately 0.3%.

What is a good API for oil?

A good API thinks through its developer experience, providing complete, accurate, and easy-to-digest documentation. It also helps its developers by thinking through common use cases, the sort of things the real user of the API will want.

What’s the difference between light or oil and heavy oil?

Light crude oil is a low viscous oil that can freely flow at room temperature. Therefore, the key difference between heavy oil and light oil is that heavy oil has a high viscosity and cannot flow easily, whereas light oil has a low viscosity and can flow freely.

What makes an oil heavy or light?

The higher the number, the lighter the oil; any liquid with an API gravity higher than 10 is lighter than water. Crude oil with an API gravity less than 30 is considered “heavy”, and oil with an API gravity greater than 30 is “light”. Most grades have an API gravity between 10 and 70.

Why is API gravity important?

The API Gravity of a product is very important in determining the characteristics of the petroleum product. To learn more about this property, let’s apply the AmSpecapproach. API Gravity, or The American Petroleum Institute gravity, is a measure of how light or heavy a petroleum liquid is compared to water.

What is the specific gravity of 38 API oil?

API Gravity to Specific Gravity and Density Chart:

Degree API. Specific Gravity. Density (kg/m3).
35 0,850 849,850
36 0,845 844,776
37 0,840 839,763
38 0,835 834,808

What are the 4 main types of crude oil?

The Four Main Types of Oil

  • Light Distillates. These include, among others, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel and several varieties of petroleum.
  • Middle Distillates. These include the majority of Grade 1 and 2 fuel oils and diesels, along with domestic fuel.
  • Medium Oils.
  • Heavy Fuel Oils.

What API is Brent crude oil?

Brent Crude, named after a goose, comes from the North Sea. It is a light, sweet crude with an API gravity of 38.06 and a specific gravity of 0.835, making it slightly “heavier” than West Texas Intermediate.

What are 3 most common APIs?

API protocols and architectures Today, there are three categories of API protocols or architectures: REST, RPC and SOAP.

Which API is the best?

According to creativebloq, these are the best 15 APIs out there:

  • Google Maps.
  • Google Maps Geocoding API.
  • IBM Watson.
  • FullContact.
  • Twitter.
  • Facebook.
  • Stormpath.
  • Amazon S3. Dropbox.

How can you tell the difference between heavy and light crude oil?

As a rule of thumb, a light crude would typically have an API of more than 31.1, a medium crude’s API would fall between 22.3 and 31.1, a heavy crude will have an API below 22.3, and any measurement less than 10 is classified as extra-heavy (the oil would sink, rather than float in water).

What is a good API gravity?

The American Petroleum Institute gravity, or API gravity, is a measure of how heavy or light a petroleum liquid is compared to water: if its API gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter and floats on water; if less than 10, it is heavier and sinks.

What is API gravity formula?

API gravity is gradated in degrees on a hydrometer instrument and was designed so that most values would fall between 10° and 70° API gravity. The arbitrary formula used to obtain this effect is: API gravity = (141.5/SG at 60 degF) – 131.5, where SG is the specific gravity of the fluid.

What is API specific gravity?

API gravity is thus an inverse measure of a petroleum liquid’s density relative to that of water (also known as specific gravity). It is used to compare densities of petroleum liquids. For example, if one petroleum liquid is less dense than another, it has a greater API gravity.

What is light grade oil?

Light crude oil is liquid petroleum that has a low density and flows freely at room temperature. It has a low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. It generally has a low wax content.

Which is the lightest crude oil?

Its lightness (43-45° API) and extremely low Sulphur content (0.04 percent) make for a highly valuable refining asset.” In fact, of the benchmark crude oils in the world, Tapis is both the lightest and nearly the sweetest.

Is Brent crude light or heavy?

light crude oil
Brent blend is a light crude oil (LCO), though not as light as West Texas Intermediate (WTI). It contains approximately 0.37% of sulphur, classifying it as sweet crude, yet not as sweet as WTI. Brent is suitable for production of petrol and middle distillates. It is typically refined in Northwest Europe.