Which cells express CXCL5?

Which cells express CXCL5?

CXCL5 and its receptor CXCR2 are expressed by HepG2 cells 1).

What produces CXCL5?

CXCL5 is produced by a variety of cells including epithelial cells, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, neutrophils and monocytes, IL-l, TNF and LPS are major inducers of CXCL5 (Strieter et al., 1992; Lukacs et al., 1995; Walz et al., 1997).

What does CXCL5 stand for?


ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
CXCL5 Cxc chemokine ligand 5
CXCR2 Cxc chemokine receptor 2
MMP2 matrix metalloproteinases 2
MMP9 matrix metalloproteinases 9

What is the receptor for CXCL1?

CXCR2 is the major receptor of CXCL1 (Savarin-Vuaillat and Ransohoff, 2007). Of interest, a recent study has shown that paw incision increased spinal mRNA level of CXCL1 and CXCR2, as a result of histone acetylation (Sun et al., 2013).

Where is CXCL13 found?

In homeostasis, CXCL13 is produced by high endothelial venules and by the follicular dendritic cells in B cell follicles.

What does cxcr5 stand for?

C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5
C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXC-R5) also known as CD185 (cluster of differentiation 185) or Burkitt lymphoma receptor 1 (BLR1) is a G protein-coupled seven transmembrane receptor for chemokine CXCL13 (also known as BLC) and belongs to the CXC chemokine receptor family.

What is the function of CXCL5?

CXCL5 plays a role in reducing sensitivity to sunburn pain in some subjects, and is a “potential target which can be utilized to understand more about pain in other inflammatory conditions like arthritis and cystitis.”.

Is CXCL1 a proinflammatory?

The proinflammatory CXC-chemokines GRO-alpha/CXCL1 and MIG/CXCL9 are concomitantly expressed in ulcerative colitis and decrease during treatment with topical corticosteroids. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2007 Dec;22(12):1421-7. doi: 10.1007/s00384-007-0370-3.

What cells express CXCL13?

Also, CXCL13 is highly expressed in human bone marrow endothelial cells and osteoblasts, but not in osteoclasts, in response to IL-6 treatment.

What is the difference between chemokines and cytokines?

Cytokines are an exceptionally large and diverse group of pro- or anti-inflammatory factors that are grouped into families based upon their structural homology or that of their receptors. Chemokines are a group of secreted proteins within the cytokine family whose generic function is to induce cell migration [2, 3].

What is CXCR5 a marker for?

CXCR5 has been shown to be expressed on both CD4 and CD8 T cells, though it is often regarded as the defining marker for T Follicular Helper (Tfh) cells.

Do all B cells express CXCR5?

A negative correlation of CXCR5 and CXCR3 expression in B cells was seen only in patients with RA. CXCR5 was previously shown to be expressed on most mature circulating B cells [8]. This receptor is the main chemokine receptor responsible for the controlled migration of B cells into secondary lymphoid organs [28].

What does increased IL-6 mean?

Therefore, IL-6 serum levels greater than 35 pg/mL of IL-6 are associated with increased risk of mortality, mechanical ventilation requirements, and increased severity of SARS-CoV-2 induced pneumonia.

How does IL-6 promote inflammation?

IL-6 in combination with its soluble receptor sIL-6Rα, dictates the transition from acute to chonic inflammation by changing the nature of leucocyte infiltrate (from polymorphonuclear neutrophils to monocyte/macrophages).

Is CXCL1 a cytokine?

It’s also known as keratinocytes-derived chemokine (KC) in mice or cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant type-1 (CINC-1) in rats. In humans, this protein is encoded by the gene Cxcl1 and is located on human chromosome 4 among genes for other CXC chemokines….CXCL1.

RNA expression pattern
BioGPS n/a

What produces CXCL13?

What cells express CD20?

CD20 (cluster of differentiate 20) is a protein that is expressed on the surface of B cells, starting at the pre-B cell stage and on mature B cells in the bone marrow and in the periphery. CD20 is not expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, pro-B cells, or normal plasma cells.

Is histamine a cytokine?

Histamine acts as a pro-TH2, anti-TH1 mediator during TH differentiation by modulating cytokine production by antigen-presenting cells (APC). Furthermore, it hampers TH2 activity of differentiated cells via H2 receptors which are preferentially expressed on TH2 cells.

Is histamine a chemokine?

In conclusion, we show that histamine induces chemokine production and activates DC via both H1 and H2 receptors. Since histamine is produced mainly by mast cells/basophils, these data suggest a direct cross-talk between mast cells and DC.