What is Fenske equation used for?

What is Fenske equation used for?

The Fenske equation in continuous fractional distillation is an equation used for calculating the minimum number of theoretical plates required for the separation of a binary feed stream by a fractionation column that is being operated at total reflux (i.e., which means that no overhead product distillate is being …

What is a good reflux ratio?

1.1 to 1.5
The cost optimum reflux ratio is typically in the 1.1 to 1.5 range depending on energy costs, condenser coolant, and materials of construction. The rule of thumb reported most often suggests that a reflux ratio of about 1.2 times the minimum is a good design value.

How do you derive the Fenske equation?

A common version of the Fenske equation N = log [ ( X d 1 − X d ) ( 1 − X b X b ) ] log α a v g {\displaystyle \ N={\frac {\log \,{\bigg [}{\Big (}{\frac {X_{d}}{1-X_{d}}}{\Big )}{\Big (}{\frac {1-X_{b}}{X_{b}}}{\Big )}{\bigg ]}}{\log \,\alpha _{avg}}}}

What is Murphree plate efficiency?

The Murphree plate efficiency is therefore expressed as the ratio of the increase in mole fraction of vapour of a volatile component passing through a plate in a column to the same increase when the vapour is in equilibrium. In effect, more stages are therefore required to bring about a desired separation.

What is Gilliland equation?

An empirical equation used to estimate the number of stages required in a distillation column. It uses the minimum number of stages as well as minimum and actual reflux ratios in the calculation.

What is meant by minimum reflux ratio?

The minimum reflux ratio Rm is the limiting reflux where the operating line either touches the equilibrium curve or intersects the equilibrium curve at the q-line. The minimum reflux ratio will require an infinite number of trays to attain the specified separation of xD and xB.

Why is reflux used?

Reflux is a technique involving the condensation of vapors and the return of this condensate to the system from which it originated. It is used in industrial and laboratory distillations. It is also used in chemistry to supply energy to reactions over a long period of time.

What is reflux ratio used for?

The reflux ratio will modify the slope of operation line. This will alter the number of plates required for a given separation to be achieved. Decreasing that reflux ratio has an advantage that the duty of condenser and reboiler decreases, since the load in distillation column decreases.

What is light key in bottoms?

Light Key : a lighter component means a component with a. lower boiling point. Defined as lightest. component in the bottom product in a. significant amount.

What is the Kirkbride equation?

An equation used for the design of distillation columns to determine the ratio of the number of trays above and below the feed point. It is therefore used to determine the location of the feed tray in the column:… …

How do I find my light key and heavy key?

If you line up all the components in the order of their boiling points, and draw a line between two of them, the more volatile component is called the light key and the less volatile component is called the heavy key.

Can Murphree efficiency be greater than 1?

The fact that mole fractions must sum to unity means that for binary systems the Murphree (and Hausen) efficiencies of both components in a binary mixture are equal. In addition, binary Murphree efficiencies cannot be negative (although they can be greater than one).

What is Q in Mccabe Thiele method?

The parameter q is the mole fraction of liquid in the feed, and the slope of the q-line is q / (q – 1). For example, if the feed is a saturated liquid it has no vapor, thus q = 1 and the slope of the q-line is infinite (a vertical line).

What is Fenske Underwood Gilliland method?

The mathematical model of the column is obtained by performing a total mass balance and partial mass balances to component “ i .” The Fenske-Underwood-Gilliland method is used to find the functional relationship between the compositions of the bottom and the dome of the column.

What is Gilliland correlation?

[gə′lil·ənd ‚kä·rə‚lā·shən] (chemical engineering) Approximation method for distillation-column calculations; correlates reflux ratio and number of plates for the column as functions of minimum reflux and minimum plates.

What is difference between reflux and distillation?

Distillation is the process of separating components based on their different boiling points. Reflux is the return of process fluid after it has been cooled, condensed, heated or boiled.