What is Cervicomedullary syndrome?
Cervical Medullary Syndrome (also called cervicomedullary syndrome) is a proposed syndrome caused by brainstem compression, deformation, infection or inflammation.
How is craniocervical instability treated?
Treatment. Conservative treatment of craniocervical instability includes physical therapy and the use of a cervical collar to keep the neck stable. Cervical spinal fusion is performed on patients with more severe symptoms.
What is craniocervical disruption?
Craniocervical traumatic injuries represent a small number of cervical spine injuries, affecting the skull base, the atlas, and the axis.
What is the Craniovertebral Junction?
The craniocervical (craniovertebral) junction represents the complex transitional zone between the cranium and the spine and comprises a complex balance of different elements: it should be considered anatomically and radiologically a distinct entity from both the cranium and, in particular, the cervical spine.
How serious is cervical instability?
Cervical instability is a medical condition in which loose ligaments in your upper cervical spine may lead to neuronal damage and a large list of adverse symptoms. If you have cervical instability, you may be experiencing migraines, vertigo, or nausea. Fortunately, this condition is treatable, though not curable.
What does craniocervical instability feel like?
Symptoms of craniocervical instability include occipital headache, neck pain and neurological abnormalities such as numbness, motor weakness, dizziness, and gait instability. Patients sometimes describe the feeling that their head is too heavy for their neck to support (“bobble-head”).
Where is Odontoid process found?
The odontoid process, or dens, is a superior projecting bony element from the second cervical vertebrae (C2, or the axis). The first cervical vertebrae (atlas) rotates around the odontoid process to provide the largest single component of lateral rotation of the cervical spine.
What causes Cervicocranial syndrome?
The cause of cervicocranial syndrome is either due to a defect (genetic mutation or development of diseases later in life) or an injury pertaining to the neck: cervical area, that damages the spinal nerves traveling through the cervical region resulting in ventral subluxation.
What does cervical instability feel like?
Recognize the symptoms of cervical instability Difficulty holding up your head for a long period of time. Feeling of heaviness in the head. Pain in the upper neck near the base of the skull. Pain referred to the shoulder.
Which cervical has odontoid process?
second cervical vertebra
In its place, the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra (called the dens for toothlike) fills the void and articulates on the posterior surface of the anterior arch of the atlas, held firmly in place by two cruciate ligaments and the odontoid ligament, which attaches the dens to the occiput.
What does the Odontoid do?
The odontoid process lies anterior to the spinal cord and is used as the pivot for the rotation of the head. The C1 vertebra, carrying the cranium, rotates on this. The craniovertebral joint between the atlas and the axis is called, the atlanto-axial joint.
Is Cervicocranial syndrome serious?
Acquired craniocervical junction causes include injuries and disorders. Injuries may involve bone, ligaments, or both and are usually caused by vehicle or bicycle accidents, falls, and particularly diving; some injuries are immediately fatal.
Where odontoid process is located?
What does the word Odontoid mean?
Definition of odontoid process : a toothlike process projecting from the anterior end of the centrum of the axis vertebra on which the atlas vertebra rotates.
Where is the Odontoid bone located?
Description. The odontoid process (also dens or odontoid peg) is a protuberance (process or projection) of the Axis (second cervical vertebra). It exhibits a slight constriction or neck, where it joins the main body of the vertebra.
How is cervicocranial syndrome diagnosed?
An ideal test for diagnosing cervicocranial syndrome is by the use of thermography to detect inflammation for uncovering medical issues. This test employs the use of an infrared camera to detect heat patterns and blood flow.