How was the Western Canada sedimentary basin formed?

How was the Western Canada sedimentary basin formed?

The foreland basin developed in two stages, in Middle Jurassic to early Cretaceous and late Cretaceous to Palaeocene time, as a result of collisions between North America and two pieces of a tectonic collage of oceanic terranes that were accreted to its western margin.

Where is western Canadian Sedimentary Basin?

The Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) is the second largest intracratonic basin in the world. The basin covers the western provinces of Canada from northeastern British Columbia to southwestern Manitoba and is bounded on the west by the Canadian Rockies and laps onto the Canadian shield in the east (Figure 1).

What rocks are oil and gas found in Canada?

Oil and gas are found in sedimentary rocks that have accumulated in depressions termed ‘basins’.

What is WCSB oil?

The WCSB is considered a mature area for exploration of petroleum and recent development has tended toward natural gas and oil sands rather than conventional oil. In the WCSB, conventional oil is of two different types: light crude oil and heavy crude oil, each with different costs, prices, and development strategies.

Is there oil in sedimentary basins?

Brief Review of the Geology and Geophysics of Sedimentary Basins. Sedimentary basins, in which the great majority of oil reservoirs are found, are formed by the deposition of sediments carried down by rivers and settled under bodies of water.

Where is the Montney formation?

The Montney Formation is in the northwest part of Alberta. Historically, it has been a conventional oil and gas target in areas where permeability is high.

Is shale a sedimentary rock?

Shale is a soft, brittle, fine-grained, and easily eroded sedimentary rock formed from mineral-rich silt, or mud, that was deposited in an aquatic environment, buried by other sediment, and compacted and cemented into hard rock. When exposed at the surface by erosion, shale weathers into thin layers called plates.

What kind of rock is shale?

sedimentary rock
Shale rocks are those that are made of clay-sized particles and are have a laminated appearance. They are a type of sedimentary rock. Shale is the abundant rock found on Earth. They are usually found in areas where gentle waters have deposited sediments that become compacted together.

What grade is Canadian oil?

4. While Canada produces many types (grades) of crude, the “heavy sour” grade is the dominant grade. Most Canadian producers, which are some of the largest in the world, have heavy oil production linked to WCS.

What are basins in oil and gas?

These 7 basins are namely Krishna-Godavari (KG), Mumbai Offshore, Assam Shelf, Rajasthan, Cauvery, Assam-Arakan Fold Belt and Cambay.

What is BSW in oil and gas?

Also known as: basic sediment and water. BS&W refers to the volume of non-hydrocarbon contaminants contained in a cargo of crude oil. Usually, this is made up of dirt (sediment) and water.

Is montney a shale?

The Montney Formation is a major shale gas and tight oil resource.

What is montney used for?

The Montney Formation is in the northwest part of Alberta. Historically, it has been a conventional oil and gas target in areas where permeability is high.

What is the composition of shale?

The data derived from these analyses indicate that the average mineralogical composition of shale is: 30.8 percent quartz, 4.5 percent feldspar, 3.6 percent carbonate, <0.5 percent iron oxides, 60.9 percent clay minerals, 1 percent organic material, and 2 per- cent other materials.

What is shale composed of?

Shale is composed mainly of clay-size mineral grains, which are usually clay minerals such as illite, kaolinite, and smectite. Shale usually contains other clay-size mineral particles such as quartz, chert, and feldspar.

What is shale oil vs crude oil?

The difference between shale oil and crude oil comes down to how it is extracted. Because shale oil is bound up tightly in impermeable rock, it is considered tight oil and requires hydraulic fracturing to be extracted. Crude oil can be drilled out conventionally.

How do you identify a sedimentary basin?

Sedimentary basin analysis is a geologic method by which the formation and evolution history of a sedimentary basin is revealed, by analyzing the sediment fill and subsidence. Subsidence of sedimentary basins generates the spatial distribution of accommodation infilling sediments.

How are basins formed?

Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight. The major types of basins are river drainage basins, structural basins, and ocean basins.

What does BS and W stand for?

Basic Sediments and Water
BS & W . – Basic Sediments and Water means sediment and water suspended in oil.