# Can you make a stem-and-leaf plot in R?

## Can you make a stem-and-leaf plot in R?

A Stem and Leaf Diagram, also called Stem and Leaf plot in R, is a special table where each numeric value split into a stem (First digit(s) ) and a leaf (last Digit). For example, 57 split into 5 as stem and 7 as a leaf.

## How do you introduce a stem-and-leaf plot?

How to Make a Stem-and-Leaf Plot

1. Step 1: Determine the smallest and largest number in the data. The game stats:
2. Step 2: Identify the stems.
3. Step 3: Draw a vertical line and list the stem numbers to the left of the line.
4. Step 4: Fill in the leaves.
5. Step 5: Sort the leaf data.

What is stem-and-leaf plot PDF?

A stem-and-leaf plot is a type of graph that is similar to a histogram but shows more information. They are usually used when there are large amounts of numbers to analyze. The stem-and-leaf plot summarizes the shape of data (the distribution) and provides extra detail regarding individual values.

What does stem () do in R?

The stem() command extracts the numeric data and splits them into two parts namely, the stem and leaf. The left side shows the most significant digit while the last digit is shown on the right hand side. For better readability the numbers having same stem value are merged together.

### What is the key in a stem-and-leaf plot?

A key is created by showing an example of the stem and leaf and showing what number it represents. This allows readers to determine the placement of each digit in the stem and leaf.

### Why use a stem-and-leaf plot?

Stem-and-leaf displays are useful for displaying the relative density and shape of the data, giving the reader a quick overview of the distribution. They retain (most of) the raw numerical data, often with perfect integrity. They are also useful for highlighting outliers and finding the mode.

How do stem and leaf charts work?

A stem and leaf is a table used to display data. The ‘stem’ is on the left displays the first digit or digits. The ‘leaf’ is on the right and displays the last digit. For example, 543 and 548 can be displayed together on a stem and leaf as 54 | 3,8.

What is a stem-and-leaf plot example?

A stem and leaf plot is a plot where each data value is split into a leaf (the last digit) and a stem (the other digits). For example, 12 on the stem and 7 on the leaf read like 127, and 127 is written according to stem and leaf plot key 12 I 7.

#### What is scale in stem in R?

stem: Stem-and-Leaf Plots stem produces a stem-and-leaf plot of the values in x . The parameter scale can be used to expand the scale of the plot. A value of scale = 2 will cause the plot to be roughly twice as long as the default.

#### How do you make a box and whisker plot in R?

Boxplots are created in R by using the boxplot() function….Syntax

1. x is a vector or a formula.
2. data is the data frame.
3. notch is a logical value. Set as TRUE to draw a notch.
4. varwidth is a logical value.
5. names are the group labels which will be printed under each boxplot.
6. main is used to give a title to the graph.

How does a stem and leaf diagram work?

A stem and leaf diagram is drawn by splitting the tens and units column. The tens column becomes the ‘stem’ and the units become the ‘leaf’. Stem and leaf diagrams must be in order to read them properly. A key should always be provided to help people to understand the data.

What is a disadvantage of a stem-and-leaf plot?

A disadvantage of stem and leaf plots is they are really only useful for small data sets from about 15 to 150 data points. Dot plots are usually more useful for smaller data sets, and for larger data sets a box plot or histogram is used.