Which are live vaccines?
The live, attenuated viral vaccines currently available and routinely recommended in the United States are MMR, varicella, rotavirus, and influenza (intranasal). Other non-routinely recommended live vaccines include adenovirus vaccine (used by the military), typhoid vaccine (Ty21a), and Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG).
Which of these vaccines is an inactivated vaccine?
Inactivated (Killed) Vaccines Examples of inactivated vaccines include: inactivated poliovirus (IPV) vaccine, whole cell pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine, rabies vaccine and the hepatitis A virus vaccine.
Which disease has been eliminated through the use of vaccines?
Measles, rubella, mumps, diphtheria and polio have all been eliminated in the U.S., largely due to the introduction of vaccination programs in the United States in the 1970s.
Is BCG is a live vaccine?
BCG is a live vaccine and should not be given to: Immunocompromised persons with congenital immunodeficiency, HIV infection, malignancy, or those taking immunosuppressive drugs such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha blockers and corticosteroids. Adults with HIV infection living in areas of low TB prevalence.
What is inactivated Covid vaccine?
Inactivated vaccines for COVID-19 This type of vaccine contains the killed SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is recognised by the immune system to trigger a response without causing COVID-19 illness. This response builds immune memory, so your body can fight off SARS-CoV-2 in future.
What is the deadliest disease ever?
Tuberculosis remains one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases, second only to COVID-19, and drug resistant TB strains are still a major concern.
What are the 6 killer diseases?
These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.
When is TB vaccine given?
In most tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) is usually given around birth to prevent severe TB in infants. The neonatal immune system is immature. Our hypothesis was that delaying BCG vaccination from birth to 10 weeks of age would enhance the vaccine-induced immune response.