What is the purpose of the flowback pits?
These open-air pits are used as a means of storing flowback water, a waste product of hydraulic fracturing, and represent an understudied source of VOC exposure for workers.
How do the gas wells affect the native animal populations?
To heat up wet gas and boil off the water. How do the gas wells affect the native animal populations, such as the pronghorn antelope? They have suffered declines in ther populations since 2005.
What was contained in the jar that Josh collected in Dimock?
A scared resident of Dimock, Pa., handed him a jar of yellow stuff that came from his well. In this water was a refractant that dissolves fish gills. John Hanger, secretary of the Pennsylvania DEP, tells Mr. Fox, “There is no such thing as a perfect source of energy.
What are the Mendenhall’s able to do with their water?
Their hair was falling out. Where did the mystery liquid in the jar come from? What are the Mendenhalls able to do with their water? Jesse and Amee Ellsworth have contaminated water that can also be lit on fire.
Is all natural gas Fracked?
Nationally, fracking produces two-thirds (67 percent) of the natural gas in the United States, according to the US Energy Information Administration, and approximately 50 percent of the nation’s oil.
How is shale gas extracted?
Hydraulic fracturing – commonly known as fracking – is the process used to extract shale gas. Deep holes are drilled down into the shale rock, followed by horizontal drilling to access more of the gas, as shale reserves are typically distributed horizontally rather than vertically.
How does natural gas affect wildlife?
Land use and wildlife The construction and land disturbance required for oil and gas drilling can alter land use and harm local ecosystems by causing erosion and fragmenting wildlife habitats and migration patterns.
What happens to land after fracking?
Habitat destruction and natural resources impacts – Fracking converts rural and natural areas into industrial zones, replacing forest and farm land with well pads, roads, pipelines and other infrastructure, and damaging precious natural resources.
Why does the water light on fire?
Turns out, there’s highly-flammable methane gas in their well water. Methane is invisible, and naturally occurring in the ground. It can seep into wells. That seepage is even worse if the ground is disturbed by anything from earthquakes to drilling.
What makes water catch fire?
Is there a danger of fire lurking in every glass of water? Water is not flammable and can’t catch on fire. This is because it is made of hydrogen, which has been fully oxidized and can’t react with oxygen any further. However, the hydrogen and oxygen can fuel and increase a fire when they are separated.
What is natural gas made of?
Natural gas is an odorless, gaseous mixture of hydrocarbons—predominantly made up of methane (CH4). It accounts for about 30% of the energy used in the United States.
Is natural gas renewable?
Natural gas, on the other hand, does not have an unlimited amount. With the lack of this fundamental characteristic, it is not considered a renewable resource. Like coal and oil, natural gas comes from a depleting source that cannot be replenished over time and is thus referred to as a nonrenewable resource.
How is gas made?
Gasoline is made when crude oil is broken into various petroleum products through a process of fractional distillation. The finished product is then distributed to gas stations through pipelines. Gasoline is essential to running most internal combustion engine cars.
Where is natural gas found?
Natural gas can be found in a variety of different underground formations, including: shale formations; sandstone beds; and coal seams. Some of these formations are more difficult and more expensive to produce than others, but they hold the potential for vastly increasing the nation’s available gas supply.
Is natural gas green?
It’s not as clean as wind or solar power, but natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel—and is considered by many to be a key ingredient as the world transitions to a cleaner future. The U.S. Energy Information Administration notes that most of the natural gas consumed in the United States is produced domestically.
Is gas environmentally friendly?
Burning and consumption: Natural gas is the most environmentally friendly fossil fuel because it burns cleaner. In power plants, natural gas emits 50 to 60 percent less carbon dioxide (CO2) than regular oil or coal-fired power plants. It also emits greenhouse gases with a lower life cycle into the atmosphere.
What problems can fracking cause?
Fracking has been blamed for leaking millions of tons of methane, a greenhouse gas more potent than carbon dioxide. Fracking is also associated with other airborne hydrocarbons that can cause health and respiratory issues. Fracking uses large amounts of water, which can become contaminated and affect local groundwater.
Is Salt flammable?
Salt is non-flammable and does not support combustion.
Can natural gas get into water?
Removing Methane with Well Vents Methane can enter a water well both above and below the water level. Since methane is lighter than air, any gas entering the water well above the water level will quickly rise and accumulate at the top of the borehole under the well cap.