What is the Dpseea framework?
The DPSEEA framework was designed to support decision making on actions to reduce the burden of disease by describing environmental health problems from their root causes through to their health effects, and by identifying areas for intervention [38,46].
Who created the DPSIR framework?
the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development
The Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework is one of the original tools developed by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 1993) and the European Environment Agency (EEA, 1995) for the adaptive management of SESs.
In which year did UNEP adopt the DPSIR framework?
Several international organizations, such as US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, 1994), UNEP (1994) and the EU have also adopted the framework, the latter noting that this was the most appropriate way to structure environmental information (EC, 1999).
What is a DPSIR model?
The Driver, Pressure, State, Impact & Response (DPSIR) framework is a conceptual model, which can be used to define cause and effect relationships among the drivers (human needs), pressures (human activities), environmental state (negative trends), impacts (cascading social, environmental or economic changes), and …
What are the five disciplines of environmental health?
Five basic disciplines generally contribute to the field of environmental health: environmental epidemiology, toxicology, exposure science, environmental engineering, and environmental law.
Why are environmental indicators important?
Environmental indicators are essential tools for tracking environmental progress, supporting policy evaluation and informing the public. Since the early 1990s, such indicators have gained in importance in many countries and in international fora.
What are the different ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.
What are the 7 core concepts of environmental health?
“To understand the field of environmental health, you need to understand seven core concepts: Toxicity, Exposure, Dose/Response, Individual Susceptibility, Risks & Benefits, Environmental Justice, and Community Resources & Action.”
What are the 5 main environmental indicators?
We will focus on five global-scale environmental indicators: biological diversity, food production, average global surface temperature and carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere, human population, and resource depletion. These key environmental indicators help us analyze the health of the planet.
What are the four 4 types of ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems.
- Regulating Services.
- Cultural Services.
- Supporting Services.
What are the 7 ecosystem services?
In the case of coastal and estuarine ecosystems, these services include climate regulation, waste treatment and disease control and natural hazard regulation.
- Climate regulation.
- Waste treatment and disease regulation.
- Buffer zones.
- Forest products.
- Marine products.
- Fresh water.
- Raw materials.
- Biochemical and genetic resources.
What are the five pillars of environmental health?
We present these factors according to the five pillars of environmental health. These pillars include: disease control, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), built environment, occupational health and food safety and hygiene (FSH).
What are the 5 major environmental health?
management, hazardous materialmanagement,waste disposal systems, contaminated site remediation, prevention of leakage of underground storage tanks, emergency responses and prevention of release of hazardous materials into the environment has become essential.
What are 5 environmental risks?
These issues include chemical pollution, air pollution, climate change, disease-causing microbes, lack of access to health care, poor infrastructure, and poor water quality.
What are the 5 main ecosystem services?
Regulating services include pollination, decomposition, water purification, erosion and flood control, and carbon storage and climate regulation. As we interact and alter nature, the natural world has in turn altered us.
What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?
A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession). Monitoring these 4 processes tells you whether landscape health is improving or deteriorating, long before damage or improvement become obvious.
What are the 3 P’s of environmental health?
In his classic article, the late Professor Warren Winkelstein wrote that “the three P’s—pollution, population, and poverty—are principal determinants of health worldwide. . . .”2(p932) The three P’s are interrelated: Population growth is associated with poverty, and both poverty and popula- tion growth are associated …