What is Pedunculopontine nucleus area?

What is Pedunculopontine nucleus area?

The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) or pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT or PPTg) is a collection of neurons located in the upper pons in the brainstem. It lies caudal to the substantia nigra and adjacent to the superior cerebellar peduncle.

Where is the lateral tegmental nucleus?

The laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (or lateroposterior tegmental nucleus) is a nucleus situated in the brainstem, spanning the midbrain tegmentum and the pontine tegmentum. Its location is one-third of the way from the pedunculopontine nucleus to the thalamus, inferior to the pineal gland.

What is the cuneiform nucleus?

The cuneiform nucleus (mesencephalic reticular formation, Fig. 1) is the most caudal part of the reticular formation in the mesencephalon. It is ventral to the inferior colliculus, medial to the lateral lemniscus, dorsal to the brachium conjunctivum, and lateral to the mesencephalic nucleus and tract of the trigeminal.

Where is the Zona Incerta?

The zona incerta (ZI) is a horizontally elongated region of gray matter in the subthalamus below the thalamus. Its connections project extensively over the brain from the cerebral cortex down into the spinal cord.

Where is the basal nucleus of meynert?

substantia innominata
The nucleus basalis, also known as the nucleus basalis of Meynert or nucleus basalis magnocellularis, is a group of neurons located mainly in the substantia innominata of the basal forebrain.

Where is the dorsal raphe nucleus?

The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is a heterogeneous brainstem nucleus located in the midbrain and pons. Via widespread projections, which target a multitude of brain areas, its neurons utilize many transmitters to control various physiological functions, including learning, memory and affect.

Where is tegmentum located?

the midbrain
structure of the midbrain The tegmentum is located in front of the tectum. It consists of fibre tracts and three regions distinguished by their colour—the red nucleus, the periaqueductal gray, and the substantia nigra.

Where is the mesencephalic locomotor region?

Anatomically, as the name suggests, the MLR is located in the mesencephalon (or midbrain), ventral to the inferior colliculus and near the cuneiform nucleus.

What is ansa lenticularis?

The ansa lenticularis is a part of the brain, making up the superior layer of the substantia innominata of Meynert. Its fibers, derived from the medullary lamina of the lentiform nucleus, pass medially to end in the thalamus and subthalamic region, while others are said to end in the tegmentum and red nucleus.

Where is the nucleus accumbens located?

basal forebrain
Location. The nucleus accumbens forms most of the ventral striatum. It is situated in the basal forebrain anterior to the anterior commissure. It lies just inferior to the anterior limb of the internal capsule, and is continuous with the putamen dorsolaterally and the head of the caudate nucleus dorsomedially.

Where are the basal ganglia?

The structures generally included in the basal ganglia are the caudate nucleus, putamen, and globus pallidus in the cerebrum, the substantia nigra in the midbrain, and the subthalamic nucleus in the diencephalon. The word basal refers to the fact that the basal ganglia are found near the base, or bottom, of the brain.

Where are nucleus accumbens located?

Is the nucleus accumbens in the midbrain?

The nucleus accumbens is found in an area of the brain called the basal forebrain. There is a nucleus accumbens in each cerebral hemisphere; it is situated between the caudate and putamen.

Where is locus coeruleus located?

The locus coeruleus (LC), or ‘blue spot’, is a small nucleus located deep in the brainstem that provides the far-reaching noradrenergic neurotransmitter system of the brain.

Where does the dorsal raphe nucleus project to?

lateral hypothalamus
The nucleus raphes dorsalis have been known to project to the lateral hypothalamus, along with the locus coeruleus and the tuberomammillary nucleus. The neurotransmitters of these three aforementioned nuclei, which project to the lateral hypothalamus, are serotonin, norepinephrine and histamine respectively.

What nuclei are located in midbrain?

The accessory oculomotor nucleus (Edinger-Westphal nucleus): This nucleus lies in the midbrain. It is closely related to the oculomotor complex.

Is the tegmentum in the hindbrain?

The tegmentum (from Latin for “covering”) is a general area within the brainstem. The tegmentum is the ventral part of the midbrain and the tectum is the dorsal part of the midbrain. It is located between the ventricular system and distinctive basal or ventral structures at each level.