What is DDT and why was it banned?

What is DDT and why was it banned?

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an insecticide used in agriculture. The United States banned the use of DDT in 1972. Some countries outside the United States still use DDT to control of mosquitoes that spread malaria.

How much DDT is harmful?

DDT is slightly to moderately acutely toxic to mammals, including humans, when ingested. See box on Laboratory Testing. The acute oral LD50 (rat) is 113 to 800 milligrams per kilogram of body weight or mg/kg (6). See boxes on LD50 and Toxicity Category.

Why is DDT so harmful?

DDT is considered to be an endocrine-disrupting chemical, or an EDC, a category of chemicals that researchers find particularly worrisome because of evidence that they alter and disrupt hormones important to good health, including reproductive health, as well as neurological and immune functions.

What are the benefits of DDT?

It was initially used with great effect to combat malaria, typhus, and the other insect-borne human diseases among both military and civilian populations. It also was effective for insect control in crop and livestock production, institutions, homes, and gardens.

Is DDT cancerous?

DDT and DDE could possibly cause cancer in humans. This is based on several studies in animals and humans. Liver cancer occurred in lab mice that were fed large amounts of DDT. Some studies in humans linked DDT levels in the body with breast cancer, but other studies have not made this link.

What is DDT good for?

Why should DDT be banned?

Some of the more recent scientific findings summarized in the report include damage to the developing brain, causing hypersensitivity, behavioral abnormalities and reduced neural signal transmission, and suppression of the immune system resulting in slower response to infections.

Where is DDT still legal?

DDT is still used today in South America, Africa, and Asia for this purpose. Farmers used DDT on a variety of food crops in the United States and worldwide.

How is DDT helpful?

Why was DDT discontinued?

In 1972, EPA issued a cancellation order for DDT based on its adverse environmental effects, such as those to wildlife, as well as its potential human health risks. Since then, studies have continued, and a relationship between DDT exposure and reproductive effects in humans is suspected, based on studies in animals.

Should DDT be banned or not?

WWF’s second DDT report, “Hazards and Exposures Associated with DDT and Synthetic Pyrethroids used for Vector Control,” finds sufficient scientific evidence of hazards to human health and wildlife to justify a global ban on the production and use of DDT.

Why was DDT banned in Canada?

One of the reasons Canada banned DDT in the early 1970s was the chemical’s tendency to persist in the environment and accumulate in organisms.

What diseases does DDT cause?

The direct DDT exposure toxic effects in humans include developmental abnormalities [17], reproductive disease [18], neurological disease [19], and cancer [20]. The exposure DDT metabolite DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroehtane) also promotes abnormal human health effects such as childhood diabetes and obesity [21].

Why was DDT so popular?

The reason why DDT was so widely used was because it is effective, relatively inexpensive to manufacture, and lasts a long time in the environment (2).

How good is DDT?

It also was effective for insect control in crop and livestock production, institutions, homes, and gardens. DDT’s quick success as a pesticide and broad use in the United States and other countries led to the development of resistance by many insect pest species.

Is DEET and DDT the same thing?

DEET was first registered decades ago, in 1957, after first being developed by the U.S. Army in 1946 for use by military personnel in insect-infested areas. MYTH: DEET is the same as DDT. FACT: Nope! DEET is not DDT.