# How is photocurrent calculated?

## How is photocurrent calculated?

The photocurrent is calculated by adding the electron-photon interaction to the device Hamiltonian, using first-order perturbation theory, as described in [1] and in the ATK Manual: Photocurrent .

### How is photocurrent generated?

Photocurrent, also known as the short-circuit current, is the current generated by the sun’s irradiance falling on the PV cell. The valence electrons absorb the photons having energy equivalent to their bandgap energy and are knocked out of the valence band and move in the conduction band.

What is photocurrent spectroscopy?

Photocurrent spectroscopy is a versatile technique to identify and understand the optoelectronic dynamics occurring in semiconductor nanowires. Conventional photocurrent spectroscopy allows to explore the morphology and material properties of nanowires as well as their contact interfaces.

What is photocurrent photodiode?

Electrons will move toward the positive potential on the Cathode, and the holes will move toward the negative potential on the Anode. These moving charge carriers form the current (photocurrent) in the photodiode.

## Does photocurrent depend on intensity?

Photoelectronic current depends on the intensity of the light and is independent of the frequency of incident light.

### How does photocurrent vary with intensity?

How does photocurrent vary with the intensity of the incident light? Solution : For a given photosensitive material and frequency of incident radiation, ( above the threshold frequency) the photoelectric current is directly proportional to the intensity of incident radiation.

On which factor does photocurrent depend?

How is photocurrent produced by solar cells?

As the light is shined, photons will be absorbed and disassociated at the interface. With the built in potential, the electrons will flow to the cathode and the holes will flow to the anode and thus, a photocurrent that corresponds to a reverse current will be produced.

## Does intensity affect photocurrent?

A higher intensity of radiation produces a higher value of photocurrent. For the negative potential difference, as the absolute value of the potential difference increases, the value of the photocurrent decreases and becomes zero at the stopping potential.

### On what factors do the photocurrent depends?

The photocurrent generated depends on the following factors:

• Frequency of the incident light.
• The intensity of incident radiation:
• The potential difference between the electrodes:
• The photocurrent depends on the photo metal used.

Does photocurrent increase with increase in frequency?

Current is not dependent on the frequency of photons. Frequency of photons is only related to the kinetic energy. Thus the current remains the same.

What happens to photocurrent with the increase in forward bias?

As a result there is an increase in reverse saturation current. From these observations we can say, in a forward biased photo-diode with increase in incident light intensity, the diode current will also increase.

## Does photocurrent depend on frequency?

### How does photocurrent depend on frequency?

When intensity of incident photon increases number of electrons emitted from the surface increases due to which current increases. Frequency of incident photon only limits the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectron emitted and so the current is independent of frequency of photon.

How does photocurrent vary with the intensity of the incident light?

Solution : Photocurrent-the number of electrons emitted per second is directly proportional to the intensity of the incident light.

Does photocurrent depend on intensity of light?